- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- SECURITY, RECONSTRUCTION AND PEACE
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
GIZ local staff
National employees: 128
International employees: 32
Development workers: 23
Integrated experts: 2
(as at: 31.12.2019)
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been operating in Rwanda for more than 40 years.
Rwanda is one of the smallest and most densely populated countries in East Africa. The country gained independence in 1962. A civil war in the 1990s culminated in genocide against the Tutsi in 1994, during which around a million people were killed. Rwanda was severely destabilised.
Stability has steadily increased in Rwanda since the end of the genocide, and elections have been taking place since 2003.
Rwandan women are playing a leading role in rebuilding the country – from rural villages to the national parliament, in which women hold 61 per cent of the 80 seats. Successes have already been achieved in a number of areas, including economic development, security, gender equality, education, health and digitalisation.
Despite the high economic growth rate in recent years, unemployment and underemployment continue to be among the greatest challenges facing the country. The majority of the population works in the agriculture sector, where incomes are low. Moreover, the number of young people entering the labour market is steadily increasing.
Rwanda aims to increasingly transfer the administration of services to local districts, but the financial resources required to achieve this are often insufficient. In addition, the districts have only limited decision-making powers so that issues important to their constituencies are often not given proper consideration.
GIZ resumed its work in Rwanda immediately after the genocide against the Tutsi. The federal enterprise currently operates on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in two priority areas:
- Good governance and decentralisation
- Economic development and employment promotion
In the area of good governance, GIZ and its partners are working to achieve financial decentralisation and local public financial management to increase the districts’ local revenues. Another topic is responsive local governance, focusing on support for the district administrations. The aim is to provide effective, efficient and transparent public services for the 11.3 million citizens.
In the field of economic development and employment promotion, GIZ is concentrating on creating jobs by pursuing an approach that combines private sector promotion, vocational training and job initiatives. It focuses on information and communications technologies, the timber industry, the creative sector and the film industry. The projects take special account of young people, refugees and residents of host communities. In addition to creating steady jobs, professional skills are also to be improved.
In order to further boost the economy, the efficiency of the Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank will be strengthened, and the tourism and hospitality sector expanded. GIZ is also providing support to the Rwandan Ministry of Information Communication Technology and Innovation, including with its efforts to set up a Centre for Digital Transformation.
In addition to these priority areas, GIZ works in other fields, also on behalf of BMZ, including support for civil society organisations, conflict transformation and peace promotion, and energy generation.